Sjors Hijgenaar 对这些发展提出了与变化本身一样激进的回应——分散智能电网并且本地能源直接交易。在他的分析中，一个基于智能体的荷兰社区仿真模型证明了该建议在效率和可靠性方面的优势。这是如何运作的？
YPF is the largest oil producer in Argentina. It has 43% of the oil and gas production market and 58% of the gasoline market in the country. They hired consultants from Continente Siete to develop a decision support system (DSS) for determining work schedules.
The new maintenance planning system helped YPF save $18 million annually at the pilot implementation site. Forecasts suggest, the integration of the DSS with the work processes of other sites should save the company another $234 million per year.
As the hubs of economic activity, cities drive the vast majority of the world’s energy use and are major contributors to global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Nowadays, roughly half of the world’s population is living in urban areas, and this share is increasing over time, projected to reach 60% by 2030. Cities are responsible for the largest consumption of energy resources worldwide – between 60 to 80% – and account for a roughly equal share of global CO2 emissions. The European Institute for Energy Research (EIFER) is a European economic interest group whose mission is to develop know-how and innovative solutions and products for the management of energy and related economic and environmental questions. Dr. Enrique Kremers from EIFER evaluates energy policies and their impact on reducing energy consumption to improve energy efficiency.